Evpatoria

Evpatoria

Evpatoria

The gentle sea and sandy beaches of Evpatoria attract tourists from all over the world. Surprisingly, it is not possible to find not a single pebble on the beaches of this resort town, unlike the rest of the southern Crimea beaches. The swimming season begins in late June and lasts through August.

Evpatoria – is the perfect place for a family holiday. None of the domestic resorts has such a variety of entertainment for children. Just to name a few: parks, attractions, aquarium, Dolphinarium… All the fun at every turn. Rest in Yevpatoriya will be the most fabulous experience for the kids.

By the way, there is no less entertainment for adults, in Yevpatoria – beaches, numerous cafes and restaurants, shops, which sell a lot of unusual souvenirs. There are many interesting monuments, picturesque places and small shops in the” old ” city part. Those who are interested in history and legends are offered excursions to the most important places of the city and its environs.

Evpatoria is not only a place to create memorable moments for the whole family, but also a health resort. Mineral springs, mud. There are many specialized resorts on the territory of the city, which successfully treat a whole number of diseases.

Evpatoria is a big enough city, and this is the case it is better for a traveler not to choose accommodation in the city center. It is very remote from the beaches and it is better to settle down in a Guesthouse or small hotel closer to the seaside. In case if you are not fond of the abundance of people on the beaches, then stopping not in Evpatoriya itself but somewhere in the vicinity might be a good decision.
Evpatoria is mainly associated with health and good mood! This is a charge of strength and vigor for the whole following year. Not to visit this fabulous city is considered a real crime. Make sure to visit this wonderful place!

Climate & nature

Evpatoria is located at an average altitude of 10 meters above sea level on the coast of the Kalamata Gulf and Evpatoria Bay  (Black Sea), near the salt lake Gniloe (Sasyk-Sivash) and Moynaki. Water is saturated with hydrogen sulfide, exuding a certain smell, which is often called "the smell of rotten eggs". The local salt lakes-estuaries – are small bays filled with healing solution-Rapa, separated from the sea by a sandy embankment. It is impossible to drown in some of the small bays with high salt content, in others - there are specific bacteria, whose vital activity paints water in a unique pinkish-crimson color. In 1959, the thermal spring was discovered, which began to be actively used along with mud in sanatorium and health procedures. The beaches are mostly sandy, sometimes with fine pebbles, with no sharp changes in depth. The main landscape-steppe, plain; soil composition-clay layers and limestone.

The climate in the Western part of the Crimean Peninsula is steppe, softened by the influence of the sea, but sometimes with drastic changes in temperature.

The average annual temperature is 11,3°C, the average temperature in the winter period is 1,3°C, summer — 26,5 °C, the average temperature during off-season 17,5 ° C. Quantity of sunny days in the year – 259. There are dry summers in Evpatoria. The absence of natural obstacles exposes Evpatoria for all winds so that the local air is not stagnant. But, despite the conditions, continuous snow cover is not observed during wintertime. Swimming season - from mid-may to the end of September, when the temperature of the sea is about 25°C.

Nightlife info

If a traveler wants to cool down from the sea and historical monuments, change the surroundings, diving into the nightlife of Evpatoria might be a good alternative. With all kinds of entertainment, one can think of. A trip after the sunset throughout Evpatoria "scattered" discos, bars and nightclubs would be a unique adventure for sure. Some of them are show programs that will not leave viewers indifferent.

Nightlife in Evpatoria will not let its guests get bored because it has a diverse selection of restaurants. Incendiary music, pleasant company, cozy atmosphere, and good mood are guaranteed.

Culture and history info

Kerkinitida, Gezlev (Crimean Tatar Kezlev, Turkish - Gözleve), Evpatoria (Ukrainian - Evpatoria) are all names of one city, one long story that started more than two and a half thousand years ago - 497 BC. The location of the ancient city on Quarantine Cape was discovered and scientifically confirmed by A. Moiseev (ex.1916-1918). The Western part of the Peninsula Crimea has preserved traces of ancient cultures, whose age exceeds more than 5000 years. Among them – the ancient inhabitants – the brand (tauris), the name of which was called the Peninsula Tauris. They were known for the marine prisoners' human sacrifice in the name of the Greek local God Deva. Due to the geographical features of the harbor of the Gulf of Kalamata storms repeatedly thrown on the seaside ships with valuable goods. Other representatives in the ancient era were Cimmerians, Sarmatians, Scythians, Greeks, Romans. By the end of the fifth century BC. in the city of Kerkinitida (or Karkinitida) had already been minted own coins, which originally had the shape of a fish from a detachment of sturgeons, but was later cast in a typical rounded shape with the image of the same fish and the first letters of the name of the city – "KA". The Greek colony supplied salt fish, grain, salt and slaves to the market. The authorities are building square towers and powerful military fortifications, and during this period Kerkinitida blooms into its peak development independent city-state. In II—III century BC here was invaded by the nomadic tribes of the Goths from the shores of the Baltic sea, which marked the death of the city. In the fourth century of our era. in Crimea stormed by the Huns, and later - the descendants of the Kievan Rus took place the invasion of the Mongol hordes. As a result of numerous raids and massacres by warlike nomads about the settlements of Yevpatoria is not almost mentioned in written sources until the fifteenth century.

After the capture of the Crimea by the Ottoman Empire, in 1475 near the ancient fortifications of the city was erected fortress Gezlev. The walls had a semicircular shape with a total length of 3 km with an open side to the sea, up to 8 m high, 1.5 m thick reached a width of five meters, were trimmed with shell. From the sea, the fortress protected a five-meter moat filled with seawater. So unexpectedly, a small settlement of fishermen to the East of Kerkinitida became a full-fledged fortified city with a port capacity of 200 units, which by the seventeenth century was one of the largest ports of the Peninsula, where commercial ships from all cities of the Mediterranean arrived. In 1552 Juma-Jami (Khan-Jami) was erected on the model of the Sofia mosque in Constantinople, which according to some sources was originally referred to the Christian faith. At this time, Turkish baths are being built in the city, which will be used for their main purpose until the end of XX. To date, only marble slab of one of the ancient sources (1651) has been preserved in Yevpatoria. The problem of shortage of fresh water was eliminated. By the middle of the XVIII century on the territory of the walled city and its environs there are more than two and a half thousand houses, the population was predominantly represented by the Tatars, Greeks, Turks and Jews. Gezlev was divided into Muslim, Karaite, Armenian, Greek, Gypsy quarters.

Ottoman rule ended in 1774 after the end of the Russo-Turkish war, when the Ottoman Turks refused to claim the Crimea. In January 1784, by the decree of Catherine II, the commercial city of Gezlev was renamed Evpatoria in honor of commander Mithridates VI of the Pontic king (in Greek – "noble"), which in the second century BC repeatedly liberated the ancient city of Kerkintida from Scythians. Due to the numerous migration of Crimean Tatars, Yevpatoria began to empty, and its restoration and improvement, resumed only after 1915, when the city was granted the status of a resort of national importance. Due to the comprehensive state support, including landscaping of the city by the beginning of the forties of the XX century in the city-resort, there were four dozen resorts, and the population exceeded the mark of 47 thousand people.

In memory of the victims of Hitler's Germany in 1970 in the vicinity of the city of Saki, as well as the legendary landing Evpatoria sea landing (January 5, 1942), was a monument of bronze and concrete. 12640 people have fallen victim to 913 days of the German occupation.

The post-war reconstruction of the city in the Soviet era took a lot of time and human resources. The main issue on the agenda was the establishment of sewage, as there were frequent cases when the whole city was without access to drinking water. The old system of Svetlana water supply and wastewater polluting the lake and soil. The recreational infrastructure of the resort was revived at a rapid pace. The next milestone was the discovery of the first hot mineral spring (up to 39°C) in 1959. A year later, the Pluto long-range space communications Center, a radio engineering complex, began its work and took over control of the first interplanetary station Venera-1.

The collapse of the Soviet Union in the early ' 90s for the city fell on hard times of economic crisis. Resort and the recreational area have fallen into disrepair.

From 2000 to 2003, a large-scale reconstruction of the city under the control of A. Danilenko, during which the whole city was transformed. On the embankment named after Gorky appeared 3 cylindrical viewing platforms-rotunda, and on the street duvanovskaya workers have accidentally discovered ruins of ancient Kerkinitida fortress. It was decided to cover the excavation with a kind of glass pyramid for sightseeing tours of citizens and travelers.

The whole city can be divided into the resort area, the area of the old and new city. In the old part of Yevpatoria, the medieval layout with crooked, narrow streets, where it seems impossible to separate two cars, stone fences, sometimes with loopholes and ledges, windows overlooking the courtyard, survived. The sanatorium area is washed by the sea, and the layout of the new city is a Soviet building with wide alleys, high-rise buildings, and administrative buildings.

Modern Yevpatoria is also called the cultural capital of Crimea: numerous entertainment programs, theaters, and studios. Among the objects of modern development – a new type of theater - "Golden key", which comfortably housed hobby clubs and clubs for children and teenagers. A children's library is located in the center of the Old town. Makarenko staff regularly organizes various entertainment activities for locals and guests of the resort. The famous theatre on the stilts "Show of the giants" at street Revolution, 52, and take dervishes in the street Karaeva, where you can see the combat equipment of the Scythian, Greek and other warriors who left an appreciable trace in the history of the city.

Evpatoria - 25 centuries of prosperity and decline rich program of stay in the city and its surroundings, the best sea bathing and a million tourists every year. And as Vladimir Mayakovsky wrote – ''All disease squeeze hot dirt Evpatorii''…