Everything about fabulous Russia: culture, religion, facts, cuisine and more

Warm acquaintance with Russia: folklore wide open

Warm acquaintance with Russia: folklore wide open

The Russian culture is not just motley, but it is unusual like pink sunrises & fiery sunsets against the background of a lush cover of forests. And somewhere in the thick green hid characters born by Russian folklore. There, Zmey-Gorynych sleeps far away in his cave, and on the other side, Alyonushka sits near the pound. Russia shows its fabulous, comic, sad, and serious features everywhere because here the soft blanket of cultures is covered by thorny branches of diverse peoples’ culture. The beauty of this “puff pie” whose filling is high culture, allows its taster to try the soulful piece of every nation.

 A quivering acquaintance with a certain folklore-gentleman will begin with the first step on Russian land. In a modern interpretation, he put on new dresses: the familiar images have become more fashionable, more diverse, more confident. But, the expectation of a real, genuine, archaic identity at its origins, lies in the sacred walls of museums, homes of ingenious Russian figures of the past and in everything that has a moral and cultural value.

 In Moscow, in the Liazon Park, there is a museum of Russian folklore. A wonderful place where a merger with the past will be certainly. Old musical instruments, clothes, household utensils live here, and even spiritual strings have taken distinct & tangible forms. In museums, this is exactly what happens - your essence and mind turn into an echo of the past time.

 A museum of Russian art is open for visits in the centre of Moscow (Tokmakov per., D. 21/2). In addition to the Drama Theater of Sergei Yesenin, the museum displays exhibit aimed at painting and graphics of the Soviet and imperial periods. You can continue communicating with art in the Tretyakov Gallery, and if you are in St. Petersburg in the Hermitage.

 How does it feel to be the Russian? How were the feasts held, what were the festivities at which the ditties sounded and round dances circled? A visit to a folklore show will allow you to experience this feeling. During such performances, the viewer becomes subject to the artist. Live cinema reigns on stage, and observers dissolve in the magic fog. Ruddy young ladies with thick braids and kokoshniks & heroes in national costumes will dance and sing. They will touch fabulous & cordial themes. When you see an ad from the most famous folklore ensembles of Russia “Kostroma”, “Russia in Fairy Tales”, “Golden Ring” certainly get a ticket to their show: you will find a big surprise, namely, the unknown world of ancient and modern Russia. Historical scenes are also involved in the performances, for example, the adoption by a Russian person of Christianity, the events of imperial Russia, and pre-revolutionary times.

 The culture. She wants to live and shine, to rejoice and delight others, and penetrate. No matter how complex and diverse she may appear for her observer - her playful & changeable nature will remain unchanged. Great painters, writers, poets, sculptors and every creative person familiar with the art of understanding & thought will devote their paintings to this ...

Cuisine as a part of a culture

Cuisine as a part of a culture

Russian cuisine is like people here - just simple, warm, and sincere.

Traditional dishes of various nations are characterized by originality. Salutes of taste pleasures & emotions appear as the main goal of the cook.

From sauerkraut to fried pig - in ancient Russia, the feast was so honoured that the meal cult turned into an immutable tradition.

When tasting dishes with a centuries-old history, pay attention to one small feature. It is a little sourness. In every spoon, there is such a pleasant aftertaste. Find it in the density of soups and crunch of pickles and admire Russian-style dishes.

 During the time of Kyiv Rus the flourishing of agriculture begun: turnips, beets & carrots were grown. Cabbage, wheat, cereals were the ration of peasants. Turnip even became the heroine of a popular folk tale. The veneration of food was closely intertwined with folk wisdom, producing songs, epics & legends.

 Food was usually prepared in clay pots. All this merged inside the fire of stove, and then a meal was preceded by a prayer of thanks.

Rich boyars’ families preferred fried piglets, stuffed fish, loved lard, snacks and salads. They made a feast of pies, honey, berries, kvass, pancakes. A small note about the latter: according to historical sources, the first mention about pancakes was recorded at the beginning of the 1st millennium AD.

 Potatoes is now a key component in Russian gastronomic life. In ancient Russia, it did not exist at all but appeared only after Peter’s I arrival from Prussia in the 18th century. At the palaces, potatoes were served as dessert, stewed and sprinkled with sugar on top.

 But the citizens reacted to the outlandish fruit with disdain: numerous peasants’ protests and riots called it the « apple devil». Ordinary society still preferred the usual vegetables: radish, cabbage, beets, turnips. Only a century later, the people finally fell in love with potatoes and then it became the subject of mass cultivation.

 Legendary Russian food:

 Borsch - a wonderful soup of beets, sauerkraut, and meat. The abundance of vegetables gives it a golden crimson colour. Garlic and a lot of greens are added as seasonings, and the soup is usually served with sour cream.

 Cabbage soup - soup with sorrel leaf. Tasteful and fragrant, it combines onions, garlic, and carrots. Served with boiled egg and sour cream.

 Dumplings - boiled products from the dough, minced meat and potatoes. It is customary to eat dumplings with the broth in which they were cooked. Filling options for every taste - from familiar potatoes to cottage cheese and cherries.

 Kurnik - a pie made of yeast dough stuffed with chicken & onions.

 Pancakes are the most delicious fried flour products from liquid tough. Popular fillings: meat, cottage cheese, jam and even caviar.

Cutlets are made from softened bread, meat, grated potatoes, and raw eggs. Mashed potatoes, rice and buckwheat are used as a side dish.

 Compote - a sweet decoction of berries or fruits.

 Mors - berry juice diluted with water. Served chilled.

 Kvass is a drink prepared based on fermentation from flour & malt or dry rye bread. Odorous herbs, honey, and are optionally added.

 Kisel is a gelatinous dessert made from starch or cereal. It is prepared based on fruit juice.

 Alcoholic drinks:

 Vodka – was called “bread wine” until the 19th century and gained worldwide popularity. Consist of alcohol and water. Vodka is the main guest at Russian feasts.

 Medovuha - a mixture of water, honey and yeast, with flavours.

 Sbiten - a hot drink made from honey, spices & herbs, contains water. Sbiten is often used for colds.

 The tea party with jam and dryers has become a tradition. Remember the picture of Boris Mikhailovich Kustodiev "Merchant's wife at tea." The work reflects the real "Russian" tea party with a samovar and saucers against the backdrop of the visible domes of churches. In old times, herbal teas were especially fond of, as they equalled to the gifts of forests. Such a tea-love has been preserved among the Russians to this day.

 A special place in the cookbook is occupied by pickles from vegetables, soaked apples, bread from rye flour. Without these products, there will be no festive table or ordinary dinner.

 In modern culinary, traditional Russian dishes are often mixed with the spirit of modern trends. For example, the famous New Year's Olivye is the French heritage, but it has become one of the symbols of the New Year celebrations among Russians.

 An incredibly diverse selection of dishes’ choice has become a mirror of Russian culture. From this, it follows that the wider the soul - the richer and the variety is the table. We invite to the Russian feast, dear guests! 

A frequent question: what to wear on holidays in Russia?

A frequent question: what to wear on holidays in Russia?

To approach the issue wisely – is the task for every traveller. You can please the diverse Russian climate if you know the peculiarities of weather conditions, as well as accepting the identity of region in which you discover the mysterious art of Russian fields, landscapes, temples & futuristic skyscrapers.

Going to holy places ...

 Where there is the silence and peace, and the soul is combined with mystic power & pure faith in a higher being, it is always bright and comfortable. The precious atmosphere of Russian holy places requires compliance with certain rules, including relating to clothes also. Women are required to cover their heads & shoulders and hide their knees under a long skirt or trousers. For men it is much simpler: visits in shorts, open T-shirts and inappropriate shoes are not allowed. When visiting religious sites, show respect for historical treasures without leaving trash and keeping silence. The beauty & wisdom of such places will thank you with memorable emotions and give an incredible impression of slight happiness, spiritually enriching your inner world.

 Going to Russia in the winter ...

Anyone who has experienced Russian wintriness firsthand knows that the winter here is fierce. Therefore, the warmer is outfit, the better. Permanent rainfall is characteristic for Russia. For St. Petersburg rains are like popular "signature attraction". Don’t forget the raincoat, umbrellas, warm accessories (scarves, mittens, hats). It is necessary to warm yourself with clothing made from natural materials, consisting of wool or real fluff. Autumn-winter time is characterized by piercing cold winds - tourists need to know about this in advance.

Going to Russia in the spring ...

 The most beautiful time of the year may turn out to be not so attractive if you don't prepare for it in advance. Early spring is almost indistinguishable from winter time - the same slush mixed with snow and slightly weakened frost. If your trip falls on March and April - be sure to take winter wear & shoes, depending on the chosen region. Awaking comes to the south of Russia much earlier, without very noticeable rain and thunderstorms.

 The weather of this season is so moody. Starting in the second half of April, spring comes into its own. The long-awaited green grass absorbs raindrops & covers the ground with it. Spring in Russia can’t do without an umbrella and rubber boots.

 

 Going to Russia in the summer ...

 It seems that in summer you haven’t to worry about outfit: shorts, t-shirts, light dresses will become the basis of your wardrobe. However, if you are not on the sweet southern coast of the country, it will be cool to be on streets at night. Bring not only warm clothes but also such necessary trifles as sunglasses, mosquito spray, hats, beach shoes & beach accessories.

 With the onset of beach season, both tourists and Russians themselves, like migratory birds, rush to the south of country. Everyone dreams of enjoying the gentle touch of the sea and the sun in resort towns. Discover Russia in the summer, in the blooming of greenery & flowers.

Going to Russia in the autumn...

 Autumn in Russia is bizarre. The Russians are taken aback by the weather conditions. It alternates either with the sun, heavy rain, or frost in the late November days. Typically, this is characteristic for central Russia.

 It is worth аrming up because whether it be September, October or November, clothes must give warmth. This season is a great time for trips to the countryside or forest. Russian autumn is especially charming. It is more pleasant to watch the forests drowning in the abundance of green-brown-gold colour, taking a raincoat and comfortable waterproof footwear. In large cities, confine yourself to the same, but in a more solid form.

Nature doesn’t have bad weather: the advantages of each season for travelling around Russia

Nature doesn’t have bad weather: the advantages of each season for travelling around Russia

The immense land, whose power is known even from ancient tales & legends, is an amazing place on our planet called Russia. Covering all climatic zones, the earth here takes rainbow’s shape, coloring nature around with different shades.

Winter & its fabulous whisper ...

Not everyone can overcome Russian frosts.  A harsh winter brings on its wings a temperature ranging from -15 to -20 degrees in central Russia.  In the far corners of the country, near the north, the temperature drops to -30. Nevertheless, sparkling snow landscapes & church domes give the impression of castle from old fairy-tale films: there, plants in white fur coats show-off in forests, and silence is muffled by big flakes of a snow-white miracle.

On New Year's holidays, in the brilliance of colorful lights on street, Christmas trees & garlands, cheerful walking people’s exclamations are heard: the Russians celebrate their most favorite holiday with guests.  Foreign explorers arrive in the snowy kingdom to enjoy the carefree Russians’ happiness because here they like and honor expanse for the whole Russian soul: unlike European Christmas, New Year's celebrations in Russia don’t stop for about two weeks.  Large cities of these lands hold events for children & adults. In carnivals, balls, concerts, humans swirl like snowflakes in the light breeze. At the hangouts of the Black Sea coast, the brilliant talents of Russian showbiz are gathering, singing songs about eternal & earthly.

 Why the winter tour in Russia is worth choosing?  Everyone who wants to feel the December and January freezes, in reality, is welcome!  At this time, ski resorts of the Krasnodar region take tourists in full.  For recreation in winter, the central and southern regions are suitable. You can go to any health resorts of the Caucasus, Pyatigorsk, Kislovodsk, as well as visit sanatoriums in Essentuki.

Tenderness of Spring

Early spring is a period when the sensuality of nature is still sleeping under weakened frosts, gradually waking up and showing its charm.  When planning a tour to Russia, give the vantage to May - this month a pleasant climate is already set, and its subtle character appears in all greatness.  In March and April, your rest can be ruined by snow sleet, strong winds, rains, thunderstorms, and the temperature will not rise above 7 degrees.

 Spring holidays themselves remind us of the great awakening of man & nature. Travelers come to see the process of observance Maslenitsa (Pancake week) - a celebration of winter's wires and a meeting of a fresh season. Delicacy with hot pancakes, scarecrow burning, and endless festivities are traditions dating back to archaic times.  But it is so interesting to plunge into the world of unknown knowledge.  Easter, Labor Day, Victory Day - spring is eventful, and vacations in Russia are holy!

 This gentle season is the most profitable period for touring.  Due to the lack of influx of holidaymakers, unalike in summertime, tour & hotels can pleasantly surprise. Don’t forget to take cosy clothes, as the weather will warm only in May.

Graceful spring will take you by arm, leading through the Kremlin halls, museums, and the cities of the Golden Ring.  Closer to summer, the country is overgrown with a bushy abundance of mimosa, tulip trees, wisteria, mulberry ...

Summer, oh summer ...

It is not surprising that Russia receives the largest number of tourists in summer, because there is no that exhausting heat, which that can be found in Asian countries.  Holiday season is full of fun in a huge country, warming up under the golden sun.

  One can feel especially good by the Black Sea, where the temperature warms up to +27.  The hottest atmosphere is in Sochi, in both direct and figurative meaning.  Stunning hospitality infrastructure, upscale guest-hotels with service, that is worthy of decoration in royal palaces.  Sochi is the abode of the sun, both with azure sea and the ocean of entertainments: cafes, restaurants, night clubs, yachts, shopping centers -  fun under the joy splendor.

 July & August are the most popular months among sightseers.  A comfortable stay will catch you on the coasts of the Gulf of Finland, Krasnodar region, Caucasian Mineral Waters, Crimea ... If you have decided to spend your holidays by the sea, improve your well-being by buying a wellness tour to Russia. 

 Autumn and its crimson shades... 

 The most unpredictable period will overtake Russian lands with clouds through which rays of heat break through by golden columns. Beloved by poets, autumn inspires the creation of beauty, traveling, discoveries.

 In fall, prices for tours do not weaken, but still stay on par with the previous season. The is compared with surprise - its conditions are changing before our eyes, and so is temperature.  A plenty of gold & purple colors looks amazingly on urban and historical architecture.  In every city, a new time begins -  time of nature sleeping.

 At this moment museums & palaces open their massive doors, in autumn guise seeming even more unique, pompous, unusually beautiful ... This is a special time for travel and reflection: whether it be paintings in the Hermitage, the Catherine Palace, churches & temples, Moscow Red Square -  everything turns gazes to itself and begins to love drizzling rain, falling leaves, air enveloping in freshness, and its reflections in puddles.

 Autumn provides wide prospects for relaxation – you’ll admire mountain view, alienation of sad & astonishing villages, megapolises power.  Experienced travelers advise visiting St. Petersburg, Moscow, Veliky Novgorod. In these cities the spells of the color queen wake up.

Religion in Russia: comprehend the mysteries of Russian soul...

Religion in Russia: comprehend the mysteries of Russian soul...

Russian mentality

Who is the Russian man? This person baffling descriptions do not coincide with each other. Its versatility plunges into deep meditation, every second allowing you to understand his heartstrings.

...A Russian man is great. His literature, music, painting, architecture showed the world the wonders high-flying philosophical thought wonders: Lomonosov, Tolstoy, Chekhov, Kandinsky, Constantin Stanislavski and a great number of other persons, whose works impressed minds of high society around the world.

Fragility, vulnerability, the kindness of nature – the mentality of the Russian people is characterized by a prism of unknown wisdom. Only Russian man can combine different unlike feelings inside himself. That’s why the country appears extremely amazing to travelers.

In Russia life moves on mood: every day is noisy holiday, but if not – just a submissive acceptance of life circumstances, from which nothing should be depended on. A man here lives by waiting for the best and sincere believes in good – that's the philosophy of his thoughts. Get ready for the assertiveness and straightforwardness: his spirit can’t be broken by any frosts & emotional storms. Appreciating the sincerity and truthfulness, anyone will never become immersed in a deceitful world.

 

The religions of Russian people

Russia – a secular state where everyone possesses freedom to choose religion. But regardless of denomination, faith in God, a Supreme being, is the Russian’s blood. Domes of churches & mosques cover the country. On the territory equal to the size of one small planet live Christianity, Islam, Buddhism. Such a contrast mix turn the country into sacred jewelry string, where the divine’s touch is felt by the wind. Christianity – the main religion in Russia. It is practised in every corner of the country, mainly in the middle zone: Moscow, Bryansk, Tula, Samara, Yaroslavl...

Diverse Russia, in the lands of Tatarstan & Bashkiria, as well the mountainous expanses of the Caucasus keep to Islam. Most Muslims are concentrated there. Buddhism thrives in remote parts - the Republic of Kalmykia, Buryatia & the Tyva Republic. Small percentage of pagan ideology preserved in Altai, where the cult of shamanism has become a distinctive feature of these territories, and South Ossetia.

Despite the rich kaleidoscope of religious faiths of Russia, atheism, in a diversity of beliefs, is also common. The most avid atheists live in Novosibirsk and Amur region. In the absence of divine’s existence believe in the Republic of Sakha, Primorye, Altai.

 

 Religious holidays of Russia in the 21st century

In the 21st century Russia is still celebrating the main holidays on a grand scale - Christmas & Easter. According to the Orthodox style, Christmas is celebrated annually on a fixed date - January 7. The date of Easter has changed annually following the lunar calendar. 

Ancient religious customs of Russia have found wonderful reflection in modern society- some restaurants are happy to support traditions on the eve of Lent, presenting guests with traditional festive treats - pancakes with all kinds of fillings: from red caviar to Greek delicacy.

 

Lent & Easter

During the 7 weeks of Lent, restaurants are often rebuilt menu, where, complying with the rigor, leading to spiritual purification, it is possible to continue to eat varied and useful. It is noteworthy that most old popular Russian dishes fit perfectly into these requirements. During this period, the Russians are moving away from global gastronomy preferring sauerkraut or something similar. 

Trip to Russia in early spring is a nice opportunity and to look for Russian dishes authentic.

Pre-Easter vanity captivates both children and adults. In holy week begins family shopping with choosing a colorful adornment for the holiday symbols– Easter cakes & eggs, reflecting a continuous cycle of eternal life. For magnificent cakes, hostess prepares dough a couple of hours, then put it in oven.

 

In the villages, where any furnace preserved, this ritual is even more solemn and the taste of cakes cooked on fire is magical. Teasing appetite flavors are spread around.  Children eagerly wait for decorating the tops of barely cooled cakes with white icing, carefully whisked from sugar & eggs. Cakes are decorated with bright millet, colored coconut, caramel flowers.

With no fewer imagination people's approach to egg decoration – they paint them with all rainbow colors & adorn with lace and stickers. The results of family creativity and love are shared in social.networks and are brought to the Church for  festive lighting ceremony. Most Christians follow the tradition of bringing treats to Church, especially for poor families, because the blessed eve of celebrations like nothing else reminds people to do great deals and care for others, waiting for mercy of the Holy Fire.

 

Christmas

Christmas in Russia is a religious holiday that is not associated with the traditional holiday bustle, that covers the European part of the continent. But the integral part of holiday in Catholic countries is represented in Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Sochi, Crimea since the beginning of December until mid-January at the threshold of a favorite Russian holiday – the New Year:

-the streets, decorated trees with lights, sparklers, fireworks.

- fairs, folk festivals & performances

- rinks, mulled wine and Santa Claus’s images

The believers go to the night service at Church. Closely intertwined with unforgettable pagan beliefs, the time from Christmas to the baptism of Christ is considered mystical. That was reflected in the works of classic Russian writer– Nikolay Gogol and his "Evenings on the khutor near Dikanka or the Night before Christmas". Hundreds of divinations, superstitions & signs are connected with this mysterious day called "Christmas".

Souvenirs

Souvenirs

To visit Russia and not to get gifts is an unforgivable mistake. As in any country, Russian souvenirs reflect the full flavour history & culture. Travellers associate this country with snowy forests, bears, earflaps, balalaikas, and wooden huts - such landscapes can be found in places far from megacities where the tradition of "living as Russian" has been preserved. In big cities, such a recognizable scene is easy to see on canvases, wooden products, embroidered carpets. Simplicity & honesty, holiness & joy are reflected in Russian souvenirs because this is Russian heritage continuation, which is passed from hand to hand through centuries.

Matryoshka, matryonushka or wooden doll

It is better to get ruddy dolls in Moscow. A mysterious gift with “Russian soul” hasn’t revealed its secret yet. For several centuries, art historians have been struggling with question of its origin. It was possible to establish that the doll has Japanese roots: Fukuruma is a Japanese deity that was realized in a wooden detachable doll. An interesting fact: The Japanese believe that the creator is an unknown missionary monk from Russia. Initially, a peasant woman’s image was written in matryoshka - a modest girl with headscarf, pink cheeks, and the clothes typical for women of this kind.  

Soul-warming multi-coloured shawl from Pavlovsky Posad

During cold seasons a woollen shawl was well warmed. Later it became Russian women’s favourite accessory. An attribute from the 17th century was expensive and fell in love with wealthy merchants. Shawl ornaments arose from peasant life: these are motives, flowers of heavenly beauty & elements of icon painting. Sometimes patterns on shawls is embroidered manually - such a scarf is considered more valuable than usual, woven on a special machine.

 

Painted trays from Zhostovo

 The brushwork skill on Zhostovo trays reflects the ease & depth of Russian existence.

 Paintings on tin material in Zhostovo have the phrase like “warming cold metal with your soul”. And looking at how painstakingly picturesque paintings and tracery are fashioned, the idea of ​​gratitude for such a valiant work of masters is born.

 Zhostovo is a small village in Moscow region. But history of its trays began here in 1825, with the creation of the factory “The Vishnyakov Brothers Institution”. Now its name sounds differently - "Zhostovo decorative painting factory"

 The village of Zhostovo can be called picturesque in both senses of this word: little town gave birth to talented artists and artisans, whose workshops became the cultural relic of this area. Once in Zhostovo, see the old huts, where works of magnificent art were created with Slavic motifs.

 Imperial Porcelain from St. Petersburg

 Petersburg is a nobleman adoring genuine aesthetics. The pride and heritage of this city is the imperial porcelain factory, founded by Empress Ekaterina Petrovna. This plant is still alive, giving us delicate, fragile, snow-white-air products. 

 The “cobalt grid” - a reminder of the Leningrad siege turned into a famous and characteristic pattern on dish sets. On tragic days, the windows and the piercing rays of searchlights were frighteningly crossed out crosswise. One of the artists of that time captured this memory in a porcelain pattern. You can order an excursion to the legendary porcelain factory in St. Petersburg, and purchase fragile products.

 Saratov bread & accordions

 Thanks to the especial flour, bread in Saratov was considered the most delicious in all of Russia. Therefore, he became a symbol, and at the same time a souvenir of the city.

 Saratov received the proud title of the country's bread capital. «Kalachi» - a baked product made of rounded wheat flour, hasn’t lost its relevance and travellers especially like it for its sweet taste.

 An accordion is a famous icon and a tool giving birth to the role of Russian folk songs. Saratov accordion - an unusual accordion. It is interesting with bells that are suspended under the instrument and when singing songs, small devices emit magical sound combined with a distinctive timbre and sound power.

 Amber from Kaliningrad

 The amber splendor stretched out the Baltic coast. The former Königsberg seemed to glow by a golden light, famous for the wonderful gleam of his talent. More than 90% of world's gem reserves are located here.

 Kaliningrad masters create a variety of works from amber: caskets, home decoration, jewellery, figurines, paintings, and even utensils. The most valuable is amber with plants or insects frozen inside. Just imagine that their age is millions of years old! The highest quality is transparent amber also.

 Urban artisans have preserved the ancient traditions of ancestors, crafting every stone with trembling tenderness. The results of their labours find their place in museums or shop windows, becoming the legacy of each resident. The healing properties of solar jewels heal both mental and bodily diseases.

Ural malachite

 Continuing to talk about precious stones, we recall the noble malachite. The Ural stone deposit is considered the richest in the world, after malachite from Congo. The uniqueness of unusual stone is its chaotic rings, in contrast to smooth lines of minerals from an African country.

 Honorable people usually adorned their homes with malachite products. Not only jewelry but also interior items are created by stone cutters. Chandelier, vases, figurines and caskets will undoubtedly bring aristocratic elegance to somebody’s house.

 Products done from malachite are filled with special pride & nobleness. Its color palette conveys the charming Mother Nature’s gifts.

 

 The elusive lace from Vologda

Vologda lace is formed by local craftswomen’s gentle hands. Northern Russia is considered to be pride of it. That deal is exclusively female, explaining the light tenderness of each product.

The first mention appeared in the 17-18 centuries. Since then, having visited Vologda, Russian residents, purchased lace products here. Tsars & wealthy aristocratic gave orders for decorating wardrobe made of linen yarn. So the fame about the city and its amazing inheritance spread. The patterns are always varied: in some places, they depict a flower, somewhere a spider web, a snowflake pattern or heroes from fairy tales. Lace mainly serves as a decoration in the house, as its snow-white colour giving a cosy atmosphere.

 

 Souvenirs to eat

Many have heard about chocolate & black caviar. These obligatory attributes of any festive table are not only relatable but also tasty, healthy, nutritious - the main thing is to consume everything in moderation.

 Going to another country, the Russians will surely take hearty Tula biscuits, healing Siberian honey & nuts, flavoured chocolate and Far Eastern caviar as presents. Tourists themselves, having tried them once, bring these products as memento, emphasizing the country’s gastronomic development.