Sochi is the name of the southern capital of Russia, a resort of federal importance, the second-longest city in the world (behind Mexico City, and ahead of another Russian city – Krivoy Rog).
A distinctive feature of Sochi is a real opportunity to combine active winter activities with rest on the beach under the bright sun. By price comparison, only the Turkish resorts can provide similar prices in the spring season. Ski and beach resorts, functioning and accessible throughout the year, can be found in other parts of the world – in France, Monaco, America, Spain, as well as quite exotic places such as New Zealand and the Hawaiian Islands. But how much you will have to pay to spend your holidays there one can only imagine.
More than three and a half thousand square kilometers, which is 4/5 of the total territory of Sochi, are covered with dense vegetation, growing on the lands of protected parks and reserves. Among them is the biosphere Caucasian nature reserve, with its Colchis forests listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List, the National Park and the regional natural reserve. In the Imereti lowland, there is an Olympic park with six main sports venues, built for the 22nd Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games of 2014.
On the crest of the Achishkho mountain, there are the ruins of the medieval fortress Achipse, and near Chemitokvadzhe there is the Godlik fortress, which is more than five centuries old. With the name Godlik a beautiful legend is associated with the love of a rich jigit (macho) to a poor orphan girl, whose marriage was banned by his own brother. The wound of the soul turned the young man in love into the stone, and when his brother learned what he caused he prayed to join his brother in this misfortune. The beautiful girl turned into a river, which to this day flows between two stone brothers.
Sochi is the venue for the Grand Prix phase of Formula 1, KVN show, New Wave and Sea of Beer festivals, film festivals, and, unexpectedly, the place of torture of the titan Prometheus who was tormented day and night by a giant eagle tearing at his liver the will of the supreme god – Zeus. One of the sightseeing points in tourist programs is the Eagle Mountains with the Promethean Rock, where at the foot of the cliffs flows a river with the beautiful name Agura. According to legend, this was the name of the beauty, who took pity of the Titan. She cared for Prometheus until sunset, when Okhyn – a local pagan bloodthirsty god, sends his faithful servants – the eagles to obey the order of the Zeus. Agura was dropped from the cliff so that her tears would beat against the rocks of the gorge, and the chained titan would watch this drama every day. And it was one of the Labours of Hercules to free the Prometheus. Many other myths are associated with the city of Sochi: about two brothers and the beautiful Godlyk, fearless Matseste (translated as “firewater”), who gave her life to open the path to healing water for parents and villagers. There is a legend about the proud elder Mammad, the giant Giorgos.
Sochi received the most significant state support in development as a resort and recreational area in the 1920s. The prototype for the resort was the French Riviera. The Soviet authorities wanted to oppose their analog to the symbol of “capitalist happiness,” and therefore the “pearl of the Black Sea” became a project to embody the prosperity of USSR citizens.
To date, the city has more than two hundred sanatoria, 140 beaches and, of course, the world-famous Sochi Arboretum. Travelers can enjoy unique sensations from visiting those places that have so many legends about, where history is inextricably linked with the rise of city, and where trendy events surrounded by the natural beauty of the virgin green spaces of the Krasnodar Territory.
Climate & nature